top of page

The Shift from T+2 to T+1 Trade Settlement is Coming in May

Effective May 28th, 2024, the financial markets will witness a significant change in trade settlement time, transitioning from the current two-business-day (T+2) to one-business-day (T+1).

This shift comes as part of ongoing efforts to enhance operational efficiency and reduce counterparty risk within the financial industry. In this article, we explore how this change will impact the markets and allow for greater trading flexibility.

The Move to T+1 Settlement

The transition from T+2 to T+1 settlement aims to increase the speed at which trades are processed and cleared, thereby improving liquidity, reducing risk, and enabling more efficient use of capital.

By shortening the trade settlement time, market participants can better manage their positions, reduce collateral requirements, and minimize operational risks associated with delayed settlements.

Benefits of Shorter Settlement Time

  1. Improved Liquidity: With a faster settlement time, investors and traders will be able to access their funds more quickly after selling securities. This can lead to increased trading volumes and improved liquidity in the markets.

  2. Enhanced Risk Management: A shorter settlement period reduces the window of exposure to counterparty risk, making it easier for market participants to manage their portfolios and mitigate potential losses.

  3. Increased Capital Efficiency: By shortening the time between trade execution and settlement, companies can reduce the amount of capital they must set aside as collateral, freeing up funds for other investments or business operations.

  4. Better Operational Controls: Shorter settlement times require more efficient back-office processes and technology systems to ensure trades are processed accurately and on time. This drives innovation in financial services technology, benefiting the industry as a whole.

Potential Challenges and Risks

While the move to T+1 trade settlement is expected to bring several benefits, there may also be some challenges and risks associated with this transition. For example:

  1. System Upgrades: Financial institutions will need to invest in upgrading their technology systems to accommodate the new T+1 settlement timeframe, which could lead to short-term disruptions or increased costs during implementation.

  2. Increased Volume of Trades: As trade settlement times decrease, there is likely to be an increase in trading volumes, which may strain existing infrastructure and processes, leading to potential delays or errors.

  3. Regulatory Compliance: Ensuring that all market participants adhere to the new T+1 settlement requirements will require close coordination between regulators, exchanges, and broker-dealers, potentially increasing regulatory burden on the industry.

Closing Thoughts

The shift from T+2 to T+1 trade settlement is a significant milestone in the evolution of financial markets. By reducing the time between trade execution and settlement, this change aims to improve liquidity, enhance risk management practices, and increase capital efficiency across the industry.

While there may be some challenges and risks associated with this transition, overall, it is expected to have a positive impact on trading flexibility and market efficiency.

As May 28th, 2024 approaches, financial institutions and market participants will need to adapt their processes and systems to ensure a smooth and successful transition to the new T+1 settlement timeframe.


bottom of page